Hypothyroidism. It’s a term you often hear when people are struggling to lose weight, but what is it, how do you get over it and most importantly, how is it treated? So let’s talk about Hypothyroidism, Its cause and best treatments here.
What is Hypothyroidism?
In simple words, Hypothyroidism is a condition where the level of Thyroxine (thyroid hormone) in the blood decreases.
Since this hormone is responsible for keeping the body’s metabolism working correctly, you are likely to experience weight gain and many other symptoms if you don’t have the right amount.
Thyroxine is produced in the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located just in front of the windpipe in the neck.
If the thyroid doesn’t create enough Thyroxine, our body’s functions begin to slow down.
Who is likely to suffer from underactive thyroid?
Unfortunately, women suffer from Hypothyroidism more than men, with 1 in 50 women expected to develop the condition compared to 1 in 1000 men.
While it usually develops in adulthood, becoming more prevalent with the growing years, it can occur at any age.
Anyone can be affected by this kind of disorder, with some babies being born with congenital Hypothyroidism.
What are the symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
Several common symptoms are associated with an overactive thyroid. These include feeling more tired than usual, weight gain, fluid retention, muscle aches, dry skin, lifeless hair, and chills.
Although you may not necessarily experience them all at the same time. Some less common symptoms include decreased sex drive, carpal tunnel syndrome, and a hoarse voice.
How does this work?
The leading cause of Hypothyroidism in the world is an autoimmune disease known as autoimmune-thyroiditis or Hashimoto’s disease.
Where antibodies produced by the immune system bind to the thyroid gland and prevent it from producing the proper levels of Thyroxine.
How is it diagnosed and treated?
An underactive thyroid can be diagnosed through a simple blood test that measures thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in the blood.
Higher than normal levels indicate that the thyroid is not producing enough Thyroxine.
They can diagnose underactive thyroid by low levels of Thyroxine (T4).
Although anyone cannot cure the condition, they can treat it with daily doses of the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine, which can reverse symptoms in as little as 7 to 14 days.
Once you have started this treatment, you will have to take it for the rest of your life, and you will need to undergo yearly checkups to make sure that the dose is still relevant for your body.
What Are The Best Treatments For Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is the term given to the condition where the thyroid gland cannot produce enough thyroid hormone, thyroxine, to keep the body healthy.
It is a widespread condition worldwide, with approximately 1 in 50 women and 1 in 1000 men experiencing problems with their thyroid at some point in their lives.
Unfortunately, it is a condition that anybody cannot prevent. The most common cause is an autoimmune reaction where the immune system attacks the thyroid, thus preventing it from producing enough thyroxine.
However, while the condition cannot be prevented or cured. It can be controlled by daily doses of hormone pills to replace the missing thyroxine.
synthetic thyroid hormone
The most common treatment for hypothyroidism involves taking tablets that contain the synthetic thyroid hormone Levothyroxine.
This oral medication works to restore optimal hormone levels and thus reverse the symptoms associated with the condition.
The treatment works relatively quickly, with most recipients seeing an improvement in their symptoms within 7 to 14 days, especially concerning fatigue.
Levothyroxine also has the effect of lowering cholesterol levels in your blood and may help reverse any weight gain you may be experiencing.
You will need to take this hormone replacement treatment for the rest of your life.
Although your doctor may check your thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels annually to make sure you are on the correct dosage.
ensuring proper nutrition
Many alternative practitioners believe that many thyroid issues, including hypothyroidism, can be caused by poor nutrition.
They suggest a nutrient-rich diet to reverse the effects or reduce any decline in thyroid function.
Important to prevent. Since a healthy thyroid depends on a range of nutrients, particularly iodine, selenium and folic acid.
So it makes sense to eat a diet rich in foods containing these. However, most people cannot obtain adequate amounts of these nutrients through diet alone, so supplements are often needed.
You should also include foods that are naturally rich in B vitamins. Include whole grains, nuts and seeds, and iodine-rich foods, such as fish, seaweed, vegetables and root vegetables of all kinds in meals.
If you suffer from hypothyroidism, always consult your doctor before taking any supplement.
An excess of certain substances can have harmful effects on the thyroid in the form of a deficiency.
Therefore, it would be best if you took all possible precautions to avoid such harmful effects. Consulting your doctor is one such precaution and should not be taken lightly.
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